Online Story: The Iceman - Wim Hof (Dutch Language)
“…… Should I use Doctors and Drugs to Heal Me or Spiritual Methods?
First, Human Being, why do you wish to put so many things in boxes? You continue to want a yes and no answer for complex situations due to your 3D, linear outlook on almost everything. Learn to think out of the 3D box! Look at the heading of this section [above]. It asks which one should you do. It already assumes you can't do both because they seem dichotomous.
I'm going to give you a truth, whether you choose to see it or not. You're not ready for that! You are not yet prepared to take on the task of full healing using your spiritual tools. Lemurians could do that, because Pleiadians taught them how! It's one of the promises of God, that there'll come a day when your DNA works that efficiently and you will be able to walk away from drug chemistry and the medical industry forever, for you'll have the creator's energy working at 100 percent, something you saw within the great masters who walked the earth.
This will be possible within the ascended earth that you are looking forward to, dear one. Have you seen the news lately? Look out the window. Is that where you are now? We are telling you that the energy is going in that direction, but you are not there yet.
Let those who feel that they can heal themselves begin the process of learning how. Many will be appreciative of the fact that you have some of the gifts for this now. Let the process begin, but don't think for a moment that you have arrived at a place where every health issue can be healed with your own power. You are students of a grand process that eventually will be yours if you wish to begin the quantum process of talking to your cells. Some will be good at this, and some will just be planting the seeds of it.
Now, I would like to tell you how Spirit works and the potentials of what's going to happen in the next few years. We're going to give the doctors of the planet new inventions and new science. These will be major discoveries about the Human body and of the quantum attributes therein.
Look at what has already happened, for some of this science has already been given to you and you are actually using it. Imagine a science that would allow the heart to be transplanted because the one you have is failing. Of course! It's an operation done many times a month on this planet. That information came from the creator, did you realize that? It didn't drop off the shelf of some dark energy library to be used in evil ways.
So, if you need a new heart, Lightworker, should you go to the doctor or create one with your mind? Until you feel comfortable that you can replace your heart with a new one by yourself, then you might consider using the God-given information that is in the hands of the surgeon. For it will save your life, and create a situation where you stay and continue to send your light to the earth! Do you see what we're saying?
You can also alter that which is medicine [drugs] and begin a process that is spectacular in its design, but not very 3D. I challenge you to begin to use what I would call the homeopathic principle with major drugs. If some of you are taking major drugs in order to alter your chemistry so that you can live better and longer, you might feel you have no choice. "Well, this is keeping me alive," you might say. "I don't yet have the ability to do this with my consciousness, so I take the drugs."
In this new energy, there is something else that you can try if you are in this category. Do the following with safety, intelligence, common sense and logic. Here is the challenge: The principle of homeopathy is that an almost invisible tincture of a substance is ingested and is seen by your innate. Innate "sees" what you are trying to do and then adjusts the body's chemistry in response. Therefore, you might say that you are sending the body a "signal for balance." The actual tincture is not large enough to affect anything chemically - yet it works!
The body [innate] sees what you're trying to do and then cooperates. In a sense, you might say the body is healing itself because you were able to give it instructions through the homeopathic substance of what to do. So, why not do it with a major drug? Start reducing the dosage and start talking to your cells, and see what happens. If you're not successful, then stop the reduction. However, to your own amazement, you may often be successful over time.
You might be able to take the dosage that you're used to and cut it to at least a quarter of what it was. It is the homeopathy principle and it allows you to keep the purpose of the drug, but reduce it to a fraction of a common 3D dosage. You're still taking it internally, but now it's also signaling in addition to working chemically. The signal is sent, the body cooperates, and you reduce the chance of side effects.
You can't put things in boxes of yes or no when it comes to the grand system of Spirit. You can instead use spiritual logic and see the things that God has given you on the planet within the inventions and processes. Have an operation, save your life, and stand and say, "Thank you, God, for this and for my being born where these things are possible." It's a complicated subject, is it not? Each of you is so different! You'll know what to do, dear one. Never stress over that decision, because your innate will tell you what is appropriate for you if you're willing to listen. ….”
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Friday, April 2, 2010
Antara News, Friday, April 2, 2010 20:41 WIB
Karawang, W Java (ANTARA News) - Hundreds of flood victims in Karawang district, West Java, on Friday received free medical treatment from the Indonesian Red Cross (PMI).
The chief of the PMI branch in Karawang, Eli Amalia, asked flood victims to always check their health because they were highly vulnerable to flood-related diseases.
"The PMI branch in Karawang will maintain a health command post until the end of the emergency response period (on April 4). The command post`s task is merely to help check the flood victims` health," he said.
He said during the emergency response period the district government would focus its attention on providing maximum health services to the flood victims.
Anom, a flood victim, said she came to the PMI health command post because she could not afford to see a doctor.
"When flood water inundated my house I did not evacuate because I hoped the flood water would recede soon. But after it did not recede for few days I decided to evacuate. Maybe because I was too much exposed to flood water, I developed itches," the 57-year old woman said.
Floods triggered by the overflowing of the Citarum river affected at least nine subdistricts in Karawang last month.
Telukjambe Timur subdistrict was the hardest hit by the floods with 17,658 homes inundated.
The floods inundated at least 7.517 homes in Karawang Barat subdistrict, 1,533 homes in Pakisjaya subdistrict, 1,308 homes in Rengasdengklok subdistrict, 1,192 homes in Jayakerta subdistrict, 604 homes in Telukjambe Barat subdistrict, 412 homes in Karawang Timur subdistrict, 250 homes in Batujaya subdistrict, 97 homes in Klari subdistrict and 81 homes in Ciampel subdistrict.
Saturday, February 13, 2010
The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | Sat, 02/13/2010 5:20 PM | Jakarta
Indonesian Red Cross (PMI) chairman Jusuf Kalla toured flood-hit Kampung Melayu area in East Jakarta to extend humanitarian assistance for victims of the disaster on Saturday.
East Jakarta Mayor Murdhani accompanied Kalla, who is former vice president, during his visit to hundreds of displaced people sheltered at an unused cinema.
“We provide initial assistance, including meals and medical services, to the flood victims,” Kalla said.
Chief of PMI’s East Jakarta office Kusnoto said the humanitarian organization provided breakfast and dinner meals to the displaced people. The PMI had also supplied tents, blankets, mattresses, milk and medicines for the flood victims, he added.
Wednesday, January 27, 2010
Every year, 300,000 newcomers pour into Jakarta in search of new opportunities. Most will end up in one of the cities many slums. Although they are among the nation's poorest, these unwanted residents pay more than the rich for basic necessities like clean water, sanitation and solid waste removal.
This is the hidden reality of Asia's rapid industrialisation, which has condemned more than 28 million Indonesians - including around one third of Jakarta's 13 million residents - to life in the slums.
In East Jakarta, 70,000 makeshift shelters housing more than 200,000 people huddle on the banks of the Ciliwung River. Year after year these residents battle not only poverty, malnutrition and disease, but also the annual floods of one of the city's most polluted rivers.
Tuesday, January 12, 2010
Antara News, Tuesday, January 12, 2010 01:51 WIB
Semarang (ANTARA News) - As many as 19 Semarang city residents died of leptopsirosis in the past two years, Joko Mardijanto, head of Central Java`s health office`s disease control and environmental sanitation section, said here on Monday.
Semarang was the region in Central Java with the highest incidence of the disease caused by bacteria transmitted by the urine of rats over the past two years, the Central Java public health official said.
In 2008, a total of 231 leptopsirosis cases happened in the city with 15 of them ending in the sufferer`s death. In 2009, there were 151 cases with four fatalities.
The fatalities occurred mainly because of belated treatment, Djoko said, adding that the disease was associated with flooding.
"We call on residents in flood-prone areas to be extra alert when their neighborhoods are under flood waters because the risk of contracting leptopsirosis will then increase," he said.
Djoko said beside Semarang, the Demak and Pati regions of Central Java province were also vulnerable to the disease.
People living in regions where floods often happen must not only guard against dengue fever but also against leptopsirosis, he said.
Sunday, January 10, 2010
Three residents died and one is still missing after a huge flood inundated more than five districts in Pasuruan Regency, East Java on Saturday afternoon.
Antara state news agency reported that those killed in the flood were Suyanto, Tirto Utomo and Rohman while Ihya Ulumuddin was identified as missing.
Soenarto, the regency head for society protection, health and social welfare, said the flood had submerged 5,713 houses, 1,022 hectares of paddy fields and 125 ponds. The flood also swept away two bridges at the Oro-oro Ombokulon village of Rembang district.
“The floods are submerging houses at Pohjentrek, Kraton, Pandaan, Rembang and Bangil districts,” Soenarto said on Sunday.
Local authorities set up temporary public kitchens as posts before distributing logistic aid to resident still living in their houses.
A joint team comprising of police and army officers has been deployed to help victims. (ewd)
Sunday, December 27, 2009
Nurni Sulaiman, The Jakarta Post, Balikpapan, East Kalimantan | Sun, 12/27/2009 4:29 PM
Dengue fevers have hit West Kutai, East Kalimantan, killing two people in the past week and infected hundreds this month.
Beatrix, a nurse at the Long Hubung health center, West Kutai, said dengue fevers mostly attacked kids under 12 years old.
"This month, hundreds of local people may have contracted dengue fever," she said.
She called on the villagers to be vigilant of flood during this rainy season, which is usually followed by a widespread dengue.
Saturday, December 5, 2009
Coordinating Minister for People's Welfare Agung Laksono (second left), Jakarta Governor (third left) and Social Affairs Minister Salim Segaf Al Jufrie wave to local residents living on the sides of Ciliwung River during a visit on Saturday. The government is planning to construct an integrated place to repair the to the murky, garbage-ridden, river and to relocate the residents. Antara/Salis Akbar
Wednesday, October 21, 2009
The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | Wed, 10/21/2009 4:40 PM
Entering the rainy season, the Jakarta administration has prepared 38,000 personnel from various agencies to be deployed in anticipation of the annual flooding of the city, Antara news agency has reported.
Jakarta Public Order Agency head Harianto Badjoeri said Wednesday personnel include members of the local disaster management board, social affairs agency, and the military and police.
The administration will also hold a weeklong disaster awareness campaign next week.
The administration has also ramped up the city's river dredging project in preparation for the peak of the rainy season, expected to hit the city within several weeks.
Saturday, October 17, 2009
Hasyim Widhiarto, The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | Sat, 10/17/2009 1:10 PM
The Indonesian Red Cross (PMI) Jakarta chapter, working in cooperation with the Netherlands Red Cross, on Wednesday launched the first of the city's community-based savings and loan cooperatives focused on working with residents in a flood-prone areas.
Sukarlan, the PMI Jakarta official heading the cooperative project, said the idea for the cooperatives came up when his organization realized that almost all disaster victims in Indonesia had a tendency to rely heavily on government financial assistance after disasters. "It is definitely a misconception if people think the government can cover all losses caused by disasters," he said.
"So, if people realize they live in a disaster-prone area, the only way they can insure themselves is to move to a safer place or save enough money before another disaster happens."
Run and managed by the local community, the new cooperative, named "Siaga Bersama" (ready together), was opened to serve residents of West Jakarta's flood-prone Rawa Buaya and Kedaung Kaliangke subdistricts.
Next week, a similar cooperative will be launched in Cawang, East Jakarta.
Prior to establishing the cooperatives, Jakarta PMI and the Netherlands Red Cross have (for two years) been running regular micro-finance training programs for residents, Sukarlan said.
"We first taught people in communities how to manage a small lending and savings groups. Once they are ready we help them establish a cooperative," he said, adding that he was expecting each cooperative to attract 2,000 members by next year.
Flooding has become an annual occurrence in Jakarta, with 40 percent of the city currently at or below sea level, and an outdated and poorly maintained drainage system.
The Jakarta administration has identified more than 70 flood-prone areas in the city.
Aside from floods, many areas in Jakarta are also vulnerable to fires. Data from the city's Fire Fighting and Disaster Mitigation Agency shows that Jakarta has 53 fire-prone areas - mainly in slum areas throughout the city's five municipalities.
With both floods and fires being everyday occurrences, any attempts to improve city residents' capacity to recover independently from such disasters have become increasingly important, critics say.
H. Chandra, the managing director of PT Reka Desa, the consultancy company hired to provide micro-finance training and to establish the cooperative system, was positive that the cooperatives would work.
"The most important thing is to encourage residents to utilize cooperatives as places to save money, not for borrowing," he said.
A cooperative is a joint-owned and member-controlled organization formed by a group of people to serve their economic interests.
According to data from the Jakarta Trade, Cooperatives and Small-and-Medium Enterprises Agency (KUMKP), there were more than 7,000 cooperatives registered in the city, but only 4,000 of them were active.
During the first six months of this year, the city's cooperatives booked a combined turnover of Rp 4.4 trillion (US$470.8 million).
Friday, April 10, 2009
Prodita Sabarini, The Jakarta Post, JAKARTA | Mon, 04/06/2009 12:02 PM
Hospitals in Jakarta are well-prepared in case of emergencies, a Health Ministry official says, but a member of the Public Health Scholars Association said more training needs to be done.
Health Ministry crisis center chief Rustam Pakaya said Thursday doctors and paramedics in 120 Jakarta hospitals were ready for emergencies such as earthquakes and floodings. Hospital buildings were designed to be tremor proof.
For Kemal Siregar, member of the Public Health Scholars Association, hospitals in the capital were better prepared than those in other cities or regencies.
“We still have to do a lot of preparation work. We have to rehearse emergency scenarios. Staff need to be trained how to treat people during disasters. The biggest weakness [of the hospital system] is the lack of coordination. There has to be training across all sectors of the medical profession, from medics and paramedics with the crisis center,” Kemal Said.
He said ambulances were part of the health infrastructure.
“Ambulances should be equipped with skilled personnel, not just drivers. Most of the time, ambulance personnel are only trained to transport a victim. They don’t know how to give first aid or save lives,” Kemal said.
Hospitals’ emergency preparedness is the highlight of World Health Day, which falls on April 7. The World Health Organization’s (WHO) theme for this year’s celebration is ‘Save lives, make hospitals safe in emergencies’. World Health Day 2009 focuses on the resilience and safety of health facilities and the health workers who treat those affected by emergencies.
WHO Director General Margaret Chan said - in a statement about World Health Day - the tragedy of a major emergency or disaster was compounded when health facilities failed.
“When a hospital collapses or its functions are disrupted, lives that depend on emergency care can be lost. Interruptions in routine services can also be deadly,” she said.
The United Nations’ International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR) reported Asia was home to nine of the world’s top 10 countries for disaster-related deaths. In 2008, 321 natural disasters killed 235,816 people. Along with other weather-related events, floods remained one of the most frequent disasters last year, according to the UNISDR.
Greater Jakarta witnessed a deadly disaster last week, where at least 100 people were killed and hundreds of houses destroyed, after the collapse of the Situ Gintung lake wall.
The Fatmawati Hospital handled most of the disaster’s victims, treating 16 of the 30 victims sent to hospitals. The Fatmawati Hospital director of medics and nursing could not be reached for comment.
The head of the Jakarta Health Agency, Dien Emawati, said the hospitals’ response to the Situ Gintung disaster was adequate.
According to Rustam, doctors and paramedics in Jakarta were prepared for emergency situations.
“Members of the public are the ones who need to be trained for disaster mitigation,” he said.
Sunday, March 29, 2009
The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | Sun, 03/29/2009 9:51 AM
The Indonesian Red Cross (PMI) has since Saturday provided Situ Gintung flash flood victims with clean water, setting up eight makeshift faucets with access to 10,000 liters of water in Cireundeu, South Tangerang, kompas.com reported on Sunday.
"The water container and faucets are placed at a basketball court near the entrance of the Ahmad Dahlan School of Economics. This is to support residents and volunteers alike in sanitation measures," PMI's Water and Sanitation (Watsan) team coordinator Ersan said.
Ersan said 13 Watsan volunteers were able to mobilize water from the State Islamic Institute.
"To anticipate the scarcity of clean water, we've also cooperated with the Pondok Indah drinking water company (PAM) to provide assistance in providing clean water," PMI field coordinator Kristiansyah said.
Meanwhile, PMI continues to help residents rehabilitate the scene.
"A mini truck and excavator arrived Friday evening to help us rehabilitate the disaster area and clean up the flood remains," Kristiansyah said.
Early Friday morning an inland tsunami caused by a wall of water gushing from a collapsed sluice gate at the 21-hectare Situ Gintung Lake had caused the death of no less than 70 residents, many of whom were children.
The sluice gate reportedly collapsed after it failed to contained water from incessant downpour that occurred throughout the day. (amr)
Saturday, March 28, 2009
The Jakarta Post | Sat, 03/28/2009 5:28 PM
The Banten branch of the Indonesian Red Cross (PMI) said it had deployed 100 rescue workers to help victims of the Situ Gintung Dam tragedy which killed about 50 people early Friday as reported by Antara state news agency.
"We have deployed some 100 PMI workers to help the dam burst victims," vice head of PMI's Banten office Airin Rachmi Diany said here early Saturday morning.
She said that PMI offices for Jakarta, Cilegon and the headquarters had also sent rescuers who coordinated in providing help for the victims.
Airin said that for the time being the evacuation of the victims was halted Friday night due to the power outage around the area. For this purpose, PMI Banten sent a number of power generator sets to the location.
In the meantime, the rescue workers at the Ahmad Dahlan High School for Economics were channeling assistance from the public in the form of food, blankets, children dresses and mineral water.
At least 62 institutions, mass organizations and state companies have provided contributions to the victims.
The Lake Gintung disaster in Ciputat area, which is on the southeastern outskirts of Jakarta, had caused great worry of the Jakarta provincial administration that a similar disaster may hit its area.
To prevent such an disaster from happening, Jakarta Governor Fauzi Bowo has ordered the Jakarta Public Works Agency to immediately inspect all the flood prevention means and infrastructure throughout the capital city.
"I have ordered the relevant authorities to check and recheck all the flood prevention infrastructure," he said at his City Hall office in Jakarta Friday.
However, he said in Jakarta there was no embankment as big as that of Lake Gintung.
The Lake Gintung embankment burst in the small hours of Friday, and caused a flash flood killing 46 people, while many others were still missing.
Friday, March 27, 2009
A dam on the outskirts of the Indonesian capital, Jakarta, burst on Friday, killing 28 people and flooding hundreds of houses nearby, officials said.
Police said that they were still searching the area for more casualties. Metro TV showed rescuers wading up to their chests in floodwater.
"The break down of Situ Gintung dam has claimed 28 lives, and seven houses were swept away," Chrysnanda Dwilaksana, a spokesman for the Jakarta police, said in a telephone text message.
The dam, which was used to retain water in Lake Situ Gintung in Tangerang District, southwest of Jakarta, broke early on Friday morning. There had been heavy rain in the area but so far the cause of the accident is not known.
"Hundreds of houses are flooded, tens of houses damaged, it was like a small tsunami," said Rustam Pakaya, an official at the health ministry.
A women safe his child from floods in Pondok Pinang, Tangerang, Banten province, Friday (Mar 27). Dike of Gintung reservoir was broken down cause some citizen settlements inundated and 18 peoples death. (ANTARA photo/Paramayuda)
A rescuer searches for flood victims after a dam burst on the outskirts of Jakarta in Indonesia. (Reuters/Dadang Tri)
The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | Fri, 03/27/2009 10:16 AM
A dam burst in Cirendeu, Ciputat, South Tangerang on the outskirts of Jakarta, before dawn Friday, sending a flash flood into a crowded residential neighborhood, submerging hundreds of houses and killing at least 20 people, officials said.
A wave of water crashed into around 400 homes in the industrial area of Tangerang at around 2.00 a.m., said Health Ministry Crisis Center chief Rustam Pakaya. Floodwaters were up to 2.5 meters deep is some areas, police and witnesses said.
Pakaya said 20 bodies had been recovered by rescue teams, but that he expected the death toll to climb because residents were sleeping when the disaster happened. At least a dozen others were reportedly missing.
Antara news agency reporte that search and rescue officers were still working to rescue residents being trapped in their submerged houses. The survivors were evacuated to higher grounds at the nearby Muhammadiyah University of Jakarta.
It was unclear what caused the failure of the 10-meter-high dam, which was holding back around 2 million cubic meters of water at the Pesanggrahan river, according to South Jakarta Police chief Makmur Simbolon.
A rescue worker identified only as Toni, told El Shinta radio another 19 people were being treated at nearby hospitals.
"A flash flood came suddenly and was horrifying," said Seto Mulyadi, whose car was washed nearly 300 feet (100 meters) from his driveway into a public park, as quoted by The Associated Press. "My house in a dreadful mess ... Thank God my family is safe."
Mulyadi said he heard a siren sound at the dam before the water smashed out all the windows and doors and inundated his home in 2.5 meters of water. He said his wife and four children were all sleep upstairs and were unharmed. (dre)
Saturday, February 14, 2009
The Jakarta post, Sat, 02/14/2009 2:44 PM
JAKARTA: To curb the spread of dengue fever during and after the wet season, the South Jakarta municipal administration will implement a program called "Doctor with Family Welfare Unit (PKK) goes to Community Unit (RW)".
The program was scheduled to commence Feb. 6, but was postponed because the health agency was not ready yet.
"We're still preparing it. We will start this month," South Jakarta Mayor Syahrul Effendi told beritajakarta.com on Friday. -JP
Prodita Sabarini, THE JAKARTA POST, JAKARTA | Sat, 02/14/2009 2:05 PM
Underground Jakartans: An officer observes rats caught during a mass raid in Kampung Bali, Tanah Abang, Central Jakarta, in this file photo. JP/P.J. Leo
Underground Jakartans: An officer observes rats caught during a mass raid in Kampung Bali, Tanah Abang, Central Jakarta, in this file photo. JP/P.J. Leo
The sight of them is deemed repugnant, and they can make a grown person wince or turn hysterical. But, no one in this metropolitan capital of Indonesia can escape living side by side with these rodents. Rats!
Either one notices or one does not; black rats are a part of daily life in Jakarta.
The lucky ones see only glimpses of rats running the city’s open gutters or crossing the streets, or the occasional flattened corpse in the middle of the road. The less fortunate have to deal with rats scourging for leftover food in their kitchens at night.
Wild and humongous, even a spoiled house cat can be intimidated by black rats.
With the rainy season, the rodents are becoming more than an unpleasant sight.
The Jakarta Health Agency has warned residents to brace for a number of water-borne diseases, including those spread by water contaminated by rats’ urine.
Already, two Jakartans have contracted Leptospirosis. They are currently being treated at Tarakan Hospital.
With the high population of rats in the city combined with the wet season and the city’s bad sewerage system leaving parts of the city flooded after heavy rains, residents are at risk of the deadly disease.
The bacteria can stay alive in water for up to a month and can easily enter the body through open wounds, eyes, nose and skin.
The incubation period in humans ranges between four to 19 days, with symptoms including fever, headache, fatigue, vomiting, sore eyes, leg pain and back pain.
The bacteria can trigger sudden death if it enters the heart. It can also attack the liver, turning a patients’ skin yellow, and lungs, causing a patient to cough up blood and experience chest pains.
Head of the health agency Tini Suryanti said residents should visit the local health center if they experience the symptoms.
“Residents should also avoid walking barefoot in puddles of water,” she said.
In 2002, during one of the largest floods in Jakarta, 113 patients were infected with leptospira germs according to the agency’s data. Twenty of the patients died.
Tini said there were 184 cases in 2007 and 41 in 2008.
Tini said her office did not have a rat population control agenda.
“Who is actually responsible for that?” she asked.
During the big flood of 2002, a joint team from the Jakarta Health Agency and the Health Ministry implemented a rat population control program.
Tini said that in 2002, the city experienced a big break out of Leptospirosis due to the flooding, while this year the threat was not as big.
Mammal expert Ken Aplin from Australia’s Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) said in an email that to protect a city from diseases carried by rats, the only possible measures were to reduce rat populations, to protect drinking water sources from contamination and to tell people to avoid walking barefoot in water, especially in still pools in areas where many rats live.
He said population control should be a preventive measure rather than a responsive measure because rats breed quickly.
A female rat gives birth after a three-week pregnancy, and can fall pregnant again one day after birth. Weaning only takes three weeks as well, so the next litter can be born straight after weaning, although a longer gap in birth of litters is more usual.
A new generation of rats is able to start breeding at around four months of age, Aplin said.
Aplin studied the DNA of black rats and found six different lineages, each one coming from different areas in Asia.
The study raises the possibility that the different lineages of black rats carry a different set of diseases.
“Two of the black rat lineages are known from Jakarta, one might be native to Java and other parts of western Indonesia. The other probably came from Thailand or southern China hundreds or even thousands of years ago,” he said.
Both probably carry leptospirosis, but we do not know which carry particular types of leptospire.”
From his study, the six lineages appeared in India, Taiwan, the Himalayas, Thailand, the Mekong Delta and Indonesia.
The Indian black rats spread to the Middle East around 20,000 years ago, and from this area they spread to Europe.
Human voyages during recent centuries transported this rat to Africa, the Americas and Australia. The Taiwanese breed moved to Japan, the Philippines and Indonesia, reaching Micronesia 3,500 years ago. The other 4 lineages are not so widespread.
He said trapping and poisoning were not effective methods at controlling rat populations because of rapid breeding and the fact that black rats were wary and difficult to kill using these methods.
“Rat populations can be limited by denying them access to food – by keeping areas clean of spilled grain, waste food etc. – and access to shelter.”
Monday, February 2, 2009
The Jakarta Post, Jember | Mon, 02/02/2009 8:04 PM
Dozens of flood victims in two villages in Jember regency are suffering from diarrhea and rashes following floods that have ravaged the area over the past three days.
According to kompas.com, the diseases are affecting residents of Paseban and Kraton villages.
Kraton village head Edi Winoto said Sunday that at least three people in the village had contracted diarrhea, while many others were experiencing rashes.
“We have prepared rescue teams responsible to give medical aid and treatments for those suffering from the diseases,” he said, adding that the teams also had enough medical stock to anticipate possible high numbers of flood victims.
As of Sunday morning, he added, floodwaters had begun to recede, thus allowing some residents to return and clean up their homes.
“But we are still on alert, because floods could return immediately if heavy rains pour down our villages,” he said. (ewd)